Hy’s read-eval-print loop (REPL) is implemented in the class hy.cmdline.HyREPL. The REPL can be started interactively from the command line or programmatically with the instance method

Two environment variables useful for the REPL are HY_HISTORY, which specifies where the REPL input history is saved, and HYSTARTUP, which specifies a file to run when the REPL starts.

class hy.cmdline.HyREPL(spy=False, output_fn=None, locals=None, filename='<stdin>')[source]

A subclass of code.InteractiveConsole for Hy.


Start running the REPL. Return 0 when done.

Output functions

By default, the return value of each REPL input is printed with hy.repr. To change this, you can set the REPL output function with e.g. the command-line argument --repl-output-fn. Use repr() to get Python representations like Python’s own REPL.

Regardless of the output function, no output is produced when the value is None, as in Python.

Special variables

The REPL maintains a few special convenience variables. *1 holds the result of the most recent input, like _ in the Python REPL. *2 holds the result of the input before that, and *3 holds the result of the input before that. Finally, *e holds the most recent uncaught exception.

Startup files

Any macros or Python objects defined in the REPL startup file will be brought into the REPL’s namespace. Two variables are special in the startup file:


If true, print equivalent Python code before executing each piece of Hy code.


The output function, as a unary callable object.

Hy startup files can do a number of other things like set banner messages or change the prompts. The following example shows a number of possibilities:

;; Wrapping in an `eval-and-compile` ensures these Python packages
;; are available in macros defined in this file as well.
  (import sys os)
  (sys.path.append "~/<path-to-global-libs>"))

  pathlib [Path]
  hy.pypos *
  hyrule [pp pformat])

  hyrule [unless])

  repl-spy True
  repl-output-fn pformat
  ;; We can even add colors to the prompts.
  ;; This will set `=>` to green and `...` to red.
  sys.ps1 "\x01\x1b[0;32m\x02=> \x01\x1b[0m\x02"
  sys.ps2 "\x01\x1b[0;31m\x02... \x01\x1b[0m\x02")

(defn slurp [path]
  (setv path (Path path))
  (when (path.exists)

(defmacro greet [person]
  `(print ~person))